go

I [[t]go͟ʊ[/t]] MOVING OR LEAVING
goes, going, went, gone
(In most cases the past participle of go is gone, but occasionally you use `been': see been.)
1) VERB When you go somewhere, you move or travel there.

[V prep/adv] We went to Rome...

[V prep/adv] Gladys had just gone into the kitchen...

[V prep/adv] I went home at the weekend...

[V prep/adv] Four of them had gone off to find help...

[V amount] It took us an hour to go three miles.

2) VERB When you go, you leave the place where you are.

Let's go...

She's going tomorrow.

3) VERB You use go to say that someone leaves the place where they are and does an activity, often a leisure activity.

[V -ing] We went swimming very early...

[V -ing] Maybe they've just gone shopping...

[V for n] He went for a walk.

4) VERB When you go to do something, you move to a place in order to do it and you do it. You can also go and do something, and in American English, you can go do something. However, you always say that someone went and did something.

[V to-inf] His second son, Paddy, had gone to live in Canada...

[V and v] I must go and see this film...

[V inf] Go ask whoever you want.

5) VERB If you go to school, work, or church, you attend it regularly as part of your normal life.

[V to n] She will have to go to school...

[V to n] His son went to a top university in America.

6) VERB When you say where a road or path goes, you are saying where it begins or ends, or what places it is in.

[V prep/adv] There's a mountain road that goes from Blairstown to Millbrook Village.

Syn:
7) VERB: with brd-neg You can use go in expressions such as `don't go telling everybody', in order to express disapproval of the kind of behaviour you mention, or to tell someone not to behave in that way.

[V -ing] You don't have to go running upstairs every time she rings...

[V -ing] Don't you go thinking it was your fault.

8) VERB You can use go with words like `further' and `beyond' to show the degree or extent of something.

[V adv/prep] He went even further in his speech to the conference...

[V adv/prep] Some physicists have gone so far as to suggest that the entire Universe is a sort of gigantic computer.

9) VERB If you say that a period of time goes quickly or slowly, you mean that it seems to pass quickly or slowly.

[V adv] The weeks go so quickly!

Syn:
10) VERB If you say where money goes, you are saying what it is spent on.

[V prep/adv] Most of my money goes on bills...

[V prep/adv] The money goes to projects chosen by the wider community.

11) VERB If you say that something goes to someone, you mean that it is given to them.

[V to n] A lot of credit must go to the chairman and his father...

[V to n] The job went to Yuri Skokov, a capable administrator.

12) VERB If someone goes on television or radio, they take part in a television or radio programme.

[V on n] The Turkish president has gone on television to defend stringent new security measures...

[V on n] We went on the air, live, at 7.30.

13) VERB If something goes, someone gets rid of it.

The Institute of Export now fears that 100,000 jobs will go...

If people stand firm against the tax, it is only a matter of time before it has to go.

14) VERB If someone goes, they leave their job, usually because they are forced to.

He had made a humiliating tactical error and he had to go.

15) VERB If something goes into something else, it is put in it as one of the parts or elements that form it.

[V into/in n] ...the really interesting ingredients that go into the dishes that we all love to eat.

16) VERB If something goes in a particular place, it fits in that place or should be put there because it is the right size or shape.

He was trying to push it through the hole and it wouldn't go.

[V prep/adv] ...This knob goes here.

17) VERB If something goes in a particular place, it belongs there or should be put there, because that is where you normally keep it.

[V prep/adv] The shoes go on the shoe shelf...

[V prep/adv] `Where does everything go?'

18) VERB If you say that one number goes into another number a particular number of times, you are dividing the second number by the first.

[V into num] Six goes into thirty five times. [Also V num]

19) VERB If one of a person's senses, such as their sight or hearing, is going, it is getting weak and they may soon lose it completely. [INFORMAL]

His eyes are going; he says he has glaucoma...

Lately he'd been making mistakes; his nerve was beginning to go.

Syn:
20) VERB If something such as a light bulb or a part of an engine is going, it is no longer working properly and will soon need to be replaced.

I thought it looked as though the battery was going.

21) VERB If you say that someone is going or has gone, you are saying in an indirect way that they are dying or are dead.

`Any hope?' - `No, he's gone.'

II [[t]go͟ʊ[/t]] LINK VERB USES
goes, going, went, gone
1) V-LINK You can use go to say that a person or thing changes to another state or condition. For example, if someone goes crazy, they become crazy, and if something goes green, it changes colour and becomes green.

[V adj] I'm going bald...

[V adj] You'd better serve it to them before it goes cold...

[V prep] 50,000 companies have gone out of business.

2) V-LINK You can use go when indicating whether or not someone wears or has something. For example, if someone goes barefoot, they do not wear any shoes.

[V adj] The baby went naked on the beach...

[V adj] But if you arm the police won't more criminals go armed?

3) V-LINK You can use go before adjectives beginning with `un-' to say that something does not happen. For example, if something goes unheard, nobody hears it.

[V -ed] As President, he affirmed that no tyranny went unnoticed.

III [[t]go͟ʊ[/t]] OTHER VERB USES, NOUN USES, AND PHRASES
goes, going, went, gone
1) VERB You use go to talk about the way something happens. For example, if an event or situation goes well, it is successful.

[V adv] She says everything is going smoothly...

[V adv] How did it go at the hairdresser's?

2) VERB If a machine or device is going, it is working.

What about my copier? Can you get it going again?...

I said, `My car won't go in fog'.

3) VERB If a bell goes, it makes a noise, usually as a signal for you to do something.

The bell went for the break.

4) V-RECIP If something goes with something else, or if two things go together, they look or taste nice together.

[V with n] I was searching for a pair of grey gloves to go with my new gown...

[pl-n V together] I can see that some colours go together and some don't...

[V (non-recip)] Wear something else. This won't go. [Also V]

5) VERB You use go to introduce something you are quoting. For example, you say the story goes or the argument goes just before you quote all or part of it.

[V that] The story goes that she went home with him that night...

[V prep] The story goes like this...

[V with quote] As the saying goes, `There's no smoke without fire.'

6) VERB You use go when indicating that something makes or produces a sound. For example, if you say that something goes `bang', you mean it produces the sound `bang'.

[V with sound] She stopped in front of a painting of a dog and she started going `woof woof'...

[V with sound] The button on his jeans went POP.

7) VERB You can use go instead of `say' when you are quoting what someone has said or what you think they will say. [INFORMAL]

[V with quote] They say `Tom, shut up' and I go `No, you shut up'...

[V to n with quote] He goes to me: `Oh, what do you want?'

8) N-COUNT: oft N at n/-ing A go is an attempt at doing something.

I always wanted to have a go at football...

She won on her first go...

Her hair was bright orange. It took us two goes to get the colour right.

Syn:
9) N-COUNT: poss N If it is your go in a game, it is your turn to do something, for example to play a card or move a piece.

I'm two behind you but it's your go...

Now whose go is it?

Syn:
10) See also , gone
11) PHRASE: V inflects, PHR to-inf, PHR for n If you go all out to do something or go all out for something, you make the greatest possible effort to do it or get it. [INFORMAL]

They will go all out to get exactly what they want...

They're ready to go all out for the Premier League title next season.

12) PHRASE (disapproval) If people say `anything goes', they mean that anything people say or do is considered acceptable, and usually they mean that they do not approve of this.

In the 90s, almost anything goes.

13) PHRASE: PHR with cl You use expressions like as things go or as children go when you are describing one person or thing and comparing them with others of the same kind. [INFORMAL]

This is a straightforward case, as these things go...

He's good company, as small boys go.

14) PHRASE: PHR after v If you do something as you go along, you do it while you are doing another thing, without preparing it beforehand.

Learning how to become a parent takes time. It's a skill you learn as you go along.

15) PHRASE: Vs inflect (disapproval) If you say that someone has gone and done something, you are expressing your annoyance at the foolish thing they have done. [INFORMAL]

Well, he's gone and done it again, hasn't he?...

Somebody goes and does something mindless like that and just destroys everything for you.

16) CONVENTION You say `Go for it' to encourage someone to increase their efforts to achieve or win something. [INFORMAL]
17) PHRASE: V inflects, PHR n If someone has a go at you, they criticize you, often in a way that you feel is unfair. [mainly BRIT, INFORMAL]

Some people had a go at us for it, which made us more angry.

18) CONVENTION If someone says `Where do we go from here?' they are asking what should be done next, usually because a problem has not been solved in a satisfactory way.
19) PHRASE: V inflects, PHR n If you say that someone is making a go of something such as a business or relationship, you mean that they are having some success with it.

I knew we could make a go of it and be happy.

20) PHRASE: usu v-link PHR, PHR after v If you say that someone is always on the go, you mean that they are always busy and active. [INFORMAL]

I got a new job this year where I am on the go all the time.

21) PHRASE: V inflects, usu PHR after v If you have something on the go, you have started it and are busy doing it.

Do you like to have many projects on the go at any one time?

22) PHRASE: V inflects (feelings) You can say `My heart goes out to him' or `My sympathy goes out to her' to express the strong sympathy you have for someone in a difficult or unpleasant situation.

My heart goes out to Mrs Adams and her fatherless children.

23) PHRASE: amount PHR If you say that there are a particular number of things to go, you mean that they still remain to be dealt with.

I still had another five operations to go.

24) PHRASE: amount PHR, oft PHR prep If you say that there is a certain amount of time to go, you mean that there is that amount of time left before something happens or ends.

There is a week to go until the elections.

25) PHRASE: n PHR If you are in a café or restaurant and ask for an item of food to go, you mean that you want to take it away with you and not eat it there. [mainly AM]

Large fries to go.

(in BRIT, use to take out, to take away) IV [[t]go͟ʊ[/t]] PHRASAL VERBS
goes, going, went, gone
Phrasal Verbs:

English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:


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